Definition of Hemp

5th Jun 2020

Definition of Hemp

The hemp is a plant belonging to the family ensemble of Cannabaceae. The etymological root of the term is found in the Latin cannăbum, which derives from cannăbis.

There are, in fact, different plant varieties known as hemp that are part of the Cannabaceae family. These are plants with greenish flowers, opposite leaves and a hollow stem that can extend about two meters.

Hemp can be used to make textile fibres, paper, biofuels and oils, among other products. Its seeds are also edible. The cultivation of hemp, however, is usually prohibited or limited since the plant has a chemical compound that is psychoactive: tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ).

This means that the hemp plant is often associated with the consumption of THC for a recreational or medicinal purpose. When hemp is used as a drug, it is usually called marijuana.

It is important to note that hemp does not contain more than 5% THC, and even that percentage may be much lower. The Cannabis sativa, the Cannabis ruderalis and Cannabis indica have different chemical components.

Even though the use of hemp for its psychoactive properties is controversial, the plant is usually valued for its multiple uses. Hemp fibre, known as bast, stands out for its resistance. Hemp seeds, meanwhile, have a high index of proteins and essential fatty acids. As for hemp as a biofuel, it generates little pollution, resulting in an ecological fuel.

As mentioned in the previous paragraph, hemp seeds stand out for their compounds, which are very beneficial for our body and provide us with the energy we need to lead an active life. Compared to other plants, its proteins are very easy to digest and the proportion of essential oils it contains is worth admiring.

In short, including hemp seeds in our diet can serve to strengthen the immune system and provide us with great vitality. It is important to note that there is not a single variety of hemp seeds, and therefore when mentioning this concept, those used for cannabis cultivation should also be included; precisely, the consumption of this last plant affects our mood due to the action of essential fatty acids.

The hemp oil has numerous beneficial properties for humans, some of which are:

  •  It is a very important source of Omega 3, and exceeds fish oil in its results, among other alternatives. Omega 3 is known to have excellent properties for treating depression and stress since it reactivates the nervous system considerably;
  •  Its proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids promotes the proper functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular systems;
  •  Reduces the risk of cardiovascular attacks and heart disease thanks to the improvements in coagulation and cholesterol regulation it offers;
  •  Sufferers of fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis can find various benefits in consuming hemp oil, such as being a marked reduction in pain sensitivity, as well as curing inflammations and fighting various symptoms;
  •  Since not having the normal levels of essential fatty acids can lead to the appearance of severe osteoporosis (since the bones absorb more calcium than they should), the inclusion of hemp oil in our diet is more than adequate for the bone health;
  •  During the application of chemotherapy, many patients take hemp oil to reduce nausea and pain typical of cancer treatments.